Much of today’s education system is based on students becoming familiar with a certain amount of simple present tense on their own. Reading books and manuals is a large part of the learning load. But it often happens that the child does not understand what he reads, or, more precisely, does not remember and perceive the text well. As a result, he or she needs more time to master a paragraph in history or a work of literature. Because of this, the student may have a decrease in grades and loss of motivation to learn. But is there anything you can do to improve the quality of your learning?
READING WITH PURPOSE
The ability to read is essential for modern man. How well and quickly we perceive the text, directly affects the success in many areas of life. A person gets acquainted with literacy in childhood – before school or in the first grade. Beginning with the study of letters and sounds, the addition of words, he gradually learns to quickly reproduce phrases and whole sentences. Both teachers and parents point out that children read at different speeds, and that everyone’s ability to remember things is different.
Even in elementary school there are kinesthetic learner characteristics reading tests that are used to determine how well these skills develop over time. But teachers focus only on the speed of reproduction, other parameters are not taken into account. This gives the impression that the main thing is to be able to read quickly, and memorization and reading comprehension are secondary. But the way we look at this issue changes dramatically as we get older.
The older a student gets, the higher his learning load becomes. Previously, all the textual information they needed to read in a day fit into a couple of pages, but now they need to read whole paragraphs in several subjects at once. High school students are given more information to study independently, so many of them spend many hours a day preparing homework.
The extent to which they understand and remember what they read is very important during this period. History, social studies, geography, and literature are all subjects in which student achievement in these and many other school subjects is directly related to reading comprehension. When a student can easily absorb textbook material after the first reading, it doesn’t take long to prepare for a lesson. Not everyone has this ability.
When a student has difficulty concentrating in a book, he is constantly distracted and stops to understand the meaning of the text. He or she has to return repeatedly to the material that has already been read, which takes up precious time. That is why situations when one student prepares a lesson in twenty minutes and another in an hour are not uncommon. It is the increasing pressure that pushes many parents to find ways to improve the skills of their son or daughter. After all, if a person encounters difficulties while still in school, it will be much more difficult for him or her in a higher educational institution.
WHY A CHILD DOESN’T UNDERSTAND WHAT HE OR SHE IS READING
There are many factors that make it hard to understand a text. One of them is a lack of motivation to read a book. A child who is used to spending his or her free time playing computer games or watching cartoons can be difficult to accustom to reading literature. Often because of this there are conflicts in the family, because most modern parents have grown up on books, they do not understand the lack of interest in such leisure activities.
It is important to remember that reading is a complex process that requires concentration. The child’s psyche is mobile, he is often distracted, switches his attention from one activity to another, so it is difficult for him to give much time to activities that require diligence. It is better to accustom people to books gradually, from childhood, so it is easier to instill interest in them. When a baby is not yet literate for him to read his parents. This helps him develop imagination, horizons and vocabulary, which gives a good foundation for accustomed to the books in the future.
As the baby grows older, he begins to learn letters and tries to read his first words and sentences. At this stage, it is important to choose stories with a minimum of unfamiliar and difficult words so he can absorb what he reads without adult assistance. It is important to ask your child to retell what they have read, so they pay more attention to the narrative.
Even the right approach to learning good adjectives that start with i doesn’t guarantee that your child will be interested in literature, though. Often this is due to the fact that children do not have well-developed reading skills: good concentration, speed, memorization, and comprehension of the text they read. Much of the reason lies in the peculiarities of the program – in the last decades it has changed, and, if earlier a lot of time was given to mastering the basic knowledge, now it is held in a more compressed mode. As a result, the child in transition to high school does not always have the right level of skills and readiness for the increased workload.
DEVELOPING READING COMPREHENSION
Teaching a child to read thoughtfully is essential to developing comprehension, but you can’t do that unless your child does it slowly. The student will quickly lose interest in a book if it is difficult to get acquainted with. It is not possible to concentrate well on the meaning of a work when the words are spoken with stuttering. That’s why it is necessary to achieve a good reading technique first, and then to focus on the formation of understanding and assimilation of what is being read.
Today there are many techniques and exercises that teach speed reading. Many of them are also aimed at learning to understand a text the first time and to memorize it well. Emphasis is placed on the development of several properties of a good reading level at once:
high concentration. The ability not to be distracted from the book, immersed in the plot of the work or in the essence of the textbook is very important. It is the basis of quality assimilation of the material. Also good concentration, which is developed during classes, positively affects the performance in general, because when a student is not distracted, it is easier to give the educational process at school and at home.
fluent reading. To make working with text as productive as possible, it is important to learn to absorb it at the same speed as oral speech. Then any printed or written information will be perceived without much difficulty, which will have a positive impact on the time spent on homework.
Stop saying the text aloud or to yourself. This habit negatively affects both the speed of information processing and comprehension. When we talk out the words, we distract ourselves.
The habit of going back to the part you have already read. This is largely due to poor concentration and memorization, but sometimes this habit is also observed in people with good reading skills. It is important to give it up in time, because it is harder to retrain as an adult.
The ability to intuitively break the text into parts. This skill has a direct impact on reading comprehension. Making a text plan allows you to summarize the main essence without paying attention to insignificant details. The ability to highlight the main point from a large amount of information is very useful in learning.
Development of memory and imagination. When it comes to a work of fiction, a good imagination helps a lot to assimilate what is being read. If the student does not visualize the story in his mind, he also has problems with memorization.
Reading and understanding a text are not the same thing. Various articles from educational websites help in finding exercises to learn how to comprehend information productively. But it’s important to remember that self-study by commonly available methods can yield results only when you use them regularly. In addition, there is a lot of contradictory information on the Internet, which can waste time and energy on ineffective exercises.
HOW TO TEACH A CHILD TO READ QUICKLY AND UNDERSTAND THE TEXT
The modern parent has many obligations: in addition to providing his child with everything he needs, he also has to monitor his progress. Checking homework, even for those children who are good students, takes a lot of time. Because of this, any additional training at home is not always possible to pay attention. That is why many adults prefer various children’s centers that offer classes in areas of interest.
So one of the most useful options is considered speed reading. In such classes, children not only learn to read thoughtfully, but also build an amazing speed of perception of information. Thanks to such courses, you can achieve reading up to a thousand words a minute, which makes studying at school much easier. With the fact that the child does not remember and poorly understand what he or she reads, such classes also cope well. Thanks to this interest in books increases, because familiarity with them ceases to cause difficulties.
But for additional lessons to bring a noticeable result, it is important to choose such a children’s center, training in which is conducted according to time-tested methods. It is worth giving preference to those proposals that have long been proven effective. Then the formation of reading skills in the child will be as productive as possible.
For a schoolchild to learn to read quickly and well – it is an excellent contribution to their future. In the future, the acquired skills will allow you to prepare for final exams and enrollment in a specialized educational institution without any problems. The ability to read a page of printed text in a few seconds will come in handy many times in adulthood, because this skill is retained forever.