Perhaps Surya Namaskar is the most famous set of yoga exercises. It is used both as a warm-up before the main block of sequences, and as an independent practice.

In Sanskrit, Surya means “sun” and Namaskar means “greeting”. According to Vedic philosophy, the sun is a powerful symbol of spiritual consciousness, and ritual worship helps to harmonize the influence of the heavenly body on your state. Practice awakens the “solar aspect”, fills a person with vital energy and activates all metabolic processes in the body.
The practice of Surya Namaskar is a structured complex in which backbends and inclinations are performed in turn, which favorably affects the extension of the spinal column and the strengthening of the whole body as a whole.
There is still no unequivocal opinion when this practice appeared: in classical texts such as the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali or the Hatha Yoga Pradipika, Surya Namaskar is not mentioned. Moreover, of all the asanas that are included in the salutation sequence, only Bhujangasana or the cobra posture is described in the ancient writings. Also, the direct connection between yoga and this complex is not obvious: presumably, this technique was used as a training for athletes.

According to one version, Surya Namaskar a set of exercises at the beginning of the 20th century was “invented” and popularized by the Indian yogi and philosopher Krishnamacharya.

Be that as it may, today Sun Salutation is strongly associated with yoga and its traditions, and the scientific world finds evidence that this practice improves the quality of life on the physical and mental levels. But more on that later.